Почему Китай называют «Поднебесной»

Почему Китай называют «Поднебесной»

Почему Китай называют «Поднебесной»

Что означает слово «Поднебесная» в этом контексте – загадка, которую мы попробуем сейчас разгадать. Начать необходимо с особенностей восприятия, людей, населяющих Китай, внешнего мира и понимания ими всей своей роли и своего личного места в данном мире. Восприятия значительно отличается от европейского.

Небо, по верованиям китайцев является божественной силой и настоящим источником жизни на планете. Китайского императора в свое время почитали, как Сына Неба и исполнителя всей его воли. Двор императора являлся центром всей планеты, и власть императора распространялась именно на все, что находится под самим Небом.

Философия Китая под термином «Поднебесная империя» в свою очередь имеет в виду цивилизацию. Необходимо это понимать так: все, что находится под небом – «Поднебесная империя», полностью подвластно китайскому императору. И в переводе это слово означает «небо» и «внизу».

Всем, кто приезжает в Пекин, точно предложат интересную экскурсию в Храм Неба – основное в Пекине культовое здание. Храм просто сразу поражает своей красотой и богатством архитектуры, он был сооружен в XV столетии и хорошо почитаем всеми современными жителями Китая, хотя официальная идеология в государстве – коммунистическая, а также атеистическая. Скорей всего, для китайцев довольно важно ощущать себя под властью Неба.

Если речь вести об употреблении слова «Поднебесная» в качестве близкого по значению слова «Китай», то единственное государство, где его применяют в подобном значении, это Россия. Почему – определенно точного ответа на данный вопрос нет.

Источник: begin-journey.ru
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